Classes and Objects in Java: A Fundamental Concept

Introduction to Classes and Objects

In Java, classes and objects are fundamental concepts of object-oriented programming. A class is a blueprint or
template for creating objects, while an object is an instance of a class. This guide will help you understand how
classes and objects work in Java.

Defining a Class

A class is defined using the class keyword, followed by the class name. Here's an example of a simple
class definition:

class Person {
String name;
int age;

Creating Objects

Objects are instances of classes. You can create objects by using the new keyword and the class
constructor. Here's how to create an object of the Person class:

Person person1 = new Person();
Person person2 = new Person();

Accessing Object Members

Object members, such as attributes (fields) and methods, are accessed using the dot notation. Here's how to set
values for the attributes of a Person object: = "Alice";
person1.age = 30;

Methods in Classes

Classes can also contain methods, which are functions associated with the class. Here's an example of a method
within the Person class:

class Person {
String name;
int age; void sayHello() {
System.out.println("Hello, my name is " + name);

Using Objects and Methods

Once you have objects and methods, you can use them to perform actions. Here's how to use the sayHello method with a Person object:

person1.sayHello(); // Outputs "Hello, my name is Alice"


Classes and objects are the building blocks of object-oriented programming in Java. You've learned how to define
classes, create objects, and access object members in this guide. As you continue your journey in Java development,
you'll use these concepts extensively to model and manipulate real-world entities and data.