Once you've developed your Spring Boot application, the next step is to deploy it to a production or hosting environment. Deployment is a crucial part of the software development lifecycle. In this guide, we'll explore various methods and best practices for deploying a Spring Boot application, complete with sample code and detailed explanations.


Before you start, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  • A Spring Boot application (if you don't have one, follow the "Building a Spring Boot Web Application" guide)
  • A hosting environment, server, or platform for deployment
  • An Integrated Development Environment (IDE) like Spring Tool Suite, IntelliJ IDEA, or Visual Studio Code

Methods of Deployment

There are several methods to deploy a Spring Boot application:

  • Self-contained JAR: Package your Spring Boot application as an executable JAR file. You can run it using the command java -jar your-app.jar.
  • WAR file: Package your application as a WAR file and deploy it to a servlet container like Apache Tomcat.
  • Cloud Platforms: Deploy your application to cloud platforms like AWS, Google Cloud, or Microsoft Azure using their respective services.
  • Containerization: Create a Docker container of your application and deploy it in container orchestration platforms like Kubernetes.

Self-contained JAR Deployment

One of the most straightforward deployment methods is creating a self-contained JAR. Spring Boot makes this easy. You can build an executable JAR using the following Maven command:

mvn clean install

Once built, you can run your application using the following command:

java -jar your-app.jar

WAR File Deployment

If you prefer deploying as a WAR file, you can modify your Spring Boot application to extend the SpringBootServletInitializer class and build a WAR file. Here's a sample code snippet:

import org.springframework.boot.builder.SpringApplicationBuilder;
public class ServletInitializer extends SpringBootServletInitializer {
protected SpringApplicationBuilder configure(SpringApplicationBuilder application) {
return application.sources(YourApplication.class);

You can then build the WAR file and deploy it to a servlet container like Apache Tomcat.

Cloud Platforms and Containerization

If you're deploying to cloud platforms or using containerization, you need to follow the specific deployment procedures and configuration for the chosen platform. This may involve creating Docker images, defining Kubernetes deployment files, or using cloud-specific tools and services.


Deploying a Spring Boot application is a critical step in bringing your software to a production environment. This guide introduced various deployment methods, including self-contained JAR, WAR file, cloud platforms, and containerization. Choose the method that best suits your application's requirements and infrastructure.