Django and Background Processing with Celery


Background processing is a crucial part of web application development, and Celery is a popular choice for handling asynchronous tasks in Django. In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore how to integrate Celery with Django, set up and configure tasks, and manage background processing. You'll learn how to perform time-consuming operations, such as sending emails, generating reports, and more, without affecting the user experience.


Before you begin, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  • Django Installed: You should have Django installed on your local development environment.
  • Celery Installed: Install Celery and configure it to work with Django.
  • Basic Python Knowledge: Familiarity with Python programming is essential.

Step 1: Setting Up Celery

The first step is to set up Celery with your Django project. This involves configuring settings and defining tasks.

Sample Celery Configuration

Create a Celery configuration file and define your task broker and result backend:

from __future__ import absolute_import, unicode_literals
import os
from celery import Celery
# Set the default Django settings module for the 'celery' program.
os.environ.setdefault('DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE', 'your_project.settings')
app = Celery('your_project')
# Using a string here means the worker doesn't have to serialize
# the configuration object to child processes.
app.config_from_object('django.conf:settings', namespace='CELERY')
# Load task modules from all registered Django app configs.

Step 2: Defining Celery Tasks

Define Celery tasks by creating functions that perform background operations.

Sample Celery Task

Define a Celery task function in your Django app to perform a specific operation:

from celery import shared_task
def send_email(recipient, message):
# Code to send an email


Background processing with Celery is a valuable tool for handling asynchronous tasks in your Django applications. This guide has introduced you to the basics, but you can explore more advanced features like task retries, task prioritization, and task monitoring as you build robust web applications.