# Multidimensional Arrays in C

## Introduction

Multidimensional arrays are a fundamental data structure in C that allows you to store and manipulate data in a grid or table-like format. They are used for tasks such as representing matrices, tables, and images. In this guide, we'll explore multidimensional arrays in C, their characteristics, and provide sample code to illustrate their usage.

## Declaration and Initialization

In C, multidimensional arrays can be declared by specifying the number of rows and columns. Here's an example of a 2D array declaration and initialization:

int matrix[3][3] = {
{1, 2, 3},
{4, 5, 6},
{7, 8, 9}
};

## Accessing Elements

You can access elements in a multidimensional array using row and column indices. For example, to access the element in the second row and third column of the above matrix:

int element = matrix[1][2]; // Retrieves the value 6

## Sample Code

Let's explore some examples of working with multidimensional arrays in C:

### Printing a Matrix

#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
int matrix[3][3] = {
{1, 2, 3},
{4, 5, 6},
{7, 8, 9}
};
printf("Matrix contents:\\n");
for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < 3; j++) {
printf("%2d ", matrix[i][j]);
}
printf("\\n");
}
return 0;
}

#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
int matrixA[2][2] = {
{1, 2},
{3, 4}
};
int matrixB[2][2] = {
{5, 6},
{7, 8}
};
int result[2][2];
for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
result[i][j] = matrixA[i][j] + matrixB[i][j];
}
}
printf("Result of matrix addition:\\n");
for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
printf("%2d ", result[i][j]);
}
printf("\\n");
}
return 0;
}

## Conclusion

Multidimensional arrays in C are versatile data structures for representing and manipulating data in a grid-like format. This guide has introduced you to the basics of multidimensional arrays, including declaration, initialization, and accessing elements. It has also provided sample code to demonstrate the usage of 2D arrays. As you continue your journey in C programming, multidimensional arrays will be a valuable tool for working with structured data.