Constructors in TypeScript - Creating Objects the Right Way


Constructors are a crucial concept in TypeScript and Object-Oriented Programming (OOP). They allow you to set up and initialize objects when they are created from a class. In this guide, we'll explore how to use constructors effectively in TypeScript to create objects the right way.

What is a Constructor?

A constructor is a special method in a class that gets called when an object is created from that class. It is used to initialize the object's properties and perform setup tasks.

Creating Constructors in TypeScript

In TypeScript, you can create a constructor method using the constructor keyword.


class Person {
firstName: string;
lastName: string;
constructor(firstName: string, lastName: string) {
this.firstName = firstName;
this.lastName = lastName;
const john = new Person("John", "Doe");

Initializing Object Properties

Constructors are used to set initial values for object properties, ensuring that objects are in a valid state when created.


class Product {
name: string;
price: number;
constructor(name: string, price: number) { = name;
this.price = price;
const laptop = new Product("Laptop", 899);

Default Values and Optional Parameters

You can provide default values for constructor parameters and make them optional using the ? symbol.


class Car {
make: string;
model: string;
year: number;
constructor(make: string, model: string, year: number = 2023) {
this.make = make;
this.model = model;
this.year = year;
const myCar = new Car("Toyota", "Camry");

Calling Superclass Constructors

In inheritance, you can call the constructor of the superclass using super() to perform initialization tasks defined in the parent class.


class Animal {
name: string;
constructor(name: string) { = name;
class Dog extends Animal {
breed: string;
constructor(name: string, breed: string) {
this.breed = breed;
const myDog = new Dog("Fido", "Golden Retriever");


Constructors are essential for creating objects with the correct initial state. They allow you to set up object properties and perform any necessary setup tasks. By using constructors effectively in TypeScript, you can ensure that your objects are well-initialized and ready for use in your applications.