Creating a Simple Web Application with Ruby on Rails


In this guide, we'll walk you through the process of creating a simple web application using Ruby on Rails. Ruby on Rails is a powerful web development framework that makes it easy to build dynamic and scalable web applications. We'll cover the basic steps, from setting up your development environment to creating a functional web application.


Before getting started, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  • Ruby installed on your system
  • RubyGems (Ruby package manager)
  • Rails framework (installed with gem install rails)
  • A code editor (e.g., Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text)

Creating a New Rails Application

Let's start by creating a new Ruby on Rails application. Open your terminal and run the following commands:

# Create a new Rails application named "myapp"
rails new myapp

This command will generate the basic structure of your Rails application, including configuration files, directories, and more. You can replace "myapp" with your desired application name.

Creating a Controller and View

In Rails, controllers handle incoming web requests and manage the flow of data. Views, on the other hand, are responsible for rendering HTML templates. Let's create a simple controller and view:

# Generate a controller named "welcome" with an "index" action
rails generate controller welcome index

This command creates a controller named "welcome" with an "index" action and generates corresponding view files.

Defining the Controller and View

Edit the controller and view to define your application's behavior. Open the following files in your code editor:

# Controller: app/controllers/welcome_controller.rb
class WelcomeController < ApplicationController
def index
# View: app/views/welcome/index.html.erb
<h1>Welcome to My Rails App</h1>

In the controller, we've defined an "index" action. In the view, we've added a simple HTML message. You can customize these files according to your application's requirements.

Starting the Rails Server

Now, let's start the Rails server to see your application in action. In your terminal, run:

rails server

Visit http://localhost:3000 in your web browser to see your simple web application.


Congratulations! You've successfully created a simple web application with Ruby on Rails. This is just the beginning of your Rails journey. You can explore more features, create models, and connect to databases to build full-fledged web applications.

For more in-depth information, refer to the official Ruby on Rails documentation. Happy coding!