Introduction to Ruby on Rails: Web Development Framework

What is Ruby on Rails?

Ruby on Rails, often referred to as Rails, is a web application framework written in Ruby. It's designed to simplify the process of building robust and scalable web applications. Rails follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern, promoting clean and organized code. In this guide, we'll provide an overview of Ruby on Rails and its key features.

Key Features of Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails offers several key features that make it a popular choice for web development:

  • Convention over Configuration (CoC): Rails follows sensible defaults, reducing the need for configuration and promoting best practices.
  • Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY): Rails encourages code reusability and minimizes redundancy.
  • Model-View-Controller (MVC): The MVC pattern separates the application into distinct components for easier development and maintenance.
  • Active Record: Rails provides an Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) framework for database interactions.
  • Scaffolding: Rails generates boilerplate code for common tasks like creating, reading, updating, and deleting (CRUD) operations.

Getting Started with Ruby on Rails

To begin working with Ruby on Rails, you'll need to install it and create your first application. Here's an example:

# Install Rails
gem install rails
# Create a new Rails application
rails new myapp
# Change directory to your app
cd myapp
# Start the Rails server
rails server

In this example, we install Rails, create a new Rails application named "myapp," navigate to the application directory, and start the Rails server. You can then access your application in a web browser.

Creating a Simple Controller and View

Rails applications are organized into controllers and views. Here's how you can create a simple controller and view:

# Generate a controller
rails generate controller welcome index
# Edit the controller (app/controllers/welcome_controller.rb)
# Define the action:
def index
# Create a view (app/views/welcome/index.html.erb)
# Add HTML content
<h1>Welcome to My Rails App</h1>

In this example, we generate a controller named "welcome" with an "index" action and create a corresponding view with HTML content. You can access this view by visiting the URL associated with the "welcome" controller and "index" action.


Ruby on Rails is a powerful web development framework known for its productivity and developer-friendly features. It provides a robust foundation for building web applications, and its adherence to best practices makes it a popular choice among developers. By mastering Rails, you can create dynamic and scalable web applications with ease.

Practice working with Ruby on Rails to become a proficient web developer. For more information and detailed documentation, refer to the official Ruby on Rails website.

Happy coding!