Ruby and APIs: How to Consume and Create Them


Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) play a crucial role in modern software development, allowing different applications to communicate and share data. Ruby, with its ease of use and extensive libraries, is a great choice for both consuming and creating APIs. In this guide, we'll explore how to work with APIs in Ruby.


Before diving into APIs with Ruby, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  • Ruby installed on your system
  • A code editor (e.g., Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text)
  • Basic knowledge of Ruby programming
  • Internet access for API consumption

Part 1: Consuming APIs with Ruby

Step 1: Making HTTP Requests

Ruby provides several ways to make HTTP requests to consume APIs. You can use the 'net/http' library, 'httparty' gem, or 'rest-client' gem. Here's an example using 'net/http':

require 'net/http'
require 'json'
url = URI("")
http =, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
request =
response = http.request(request)
data = JSON.parse(response.body)
puts data

Step 2: Parsing API Responses

When working with APIs, you often receive data in JSON format. Use the 'json' library to parse the JSON response into Ruby data structures.

require 'json'
json_data = '{"name": "John", "age": 30}'
data = JSON.parse(json_data)
puts data["name"] # Outputs "John"

Part 2: Creating APIs with Ruby

Step 1: Building an API Server

Ruby can be used to create API servers. You can use web frameworks like Sinatra or Ruby on Rails. Here's a simple Sinatra example:

require 'sinatra'
require 'json'
get '/api/data' do
content_type :json
{ name: 'Ruby API', version: '1.0' }.to_json

Step 2: Handling API Requests

In your API server, define routes to handle different API requests. You can use Sinatra routes to create various endpoints that respond to client requests.

# Define routes for different API endpoints
get '/api/users' do
# Handle user retrieval
post '/api/users' do
# Handle user creation


Ruby is a versatile language for working with APIs, whether you're consuming data from external services or creating your own API servers. Understanding how to make HTTP requests, parse API responses, and build API endpoints is a valuable skill for modern web development.

As you continue to explore APIs with Ruby, consider more advanced topics like authentication, error handling, and using Ruby to build and interact with RESTful APIs for your projects and applications.

Happy API development with Ruby!