Ruby for Front-End Web Development: Basics
Ruby is often associated with web development, particularly on the back-end with the Ruby on Rails framework. However, you can also use Ruby for front-end web development to enhance the user experience and create dynamic web applications. In this guide, we'll explore the basics of using Ruby on the front-end and demonstrate its capabilities.
Before diving into Ruby for front-end development, ensure you have the following prerequisites:
- Ruby installed on your system
- A code editor (e.g., Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text)
Using Ruby in HTML
Ruby can be embedded directly into HTML using special tags. Here's an example of embedding Ruby in an HTML document:
<title>Ruby in HTML</title>
<h1>Hello, <%= "Ruby" %> in HTML</h1>
In this example, we use `<%= %>` to embed Ruby code directly into an HTML document. The result of the Ruby expression will be included in the final HTML rendering.
Manipulating HTML with Ruby
You can use Ruby to manipulate the HTML structure of a web page dynamically. Here's a simple example of adding a list of items to an HTML page:
<title>Dynamic HTML with Ruby</title>
<%= ["Apples", "Bananas", "Cherries"].each do |item| %>
<li><%= item %></li>
In this example, we use a Ruby array and a loop to dynamically generate a list of items within an HTML `
- ` element.