TypeScript for Video Game Development


Video game development is an exciting and creative field, and using TypeScript can help you build robust and maintainable games. In this primer, we'll introduce TypeScript for video game development, discuss its advantages, and provide a simple example using the Phaser game framework, a popular choice for building games in TypeScript.

Advantages of TypeScript for Video Game Development

Here are some key advantages of using TypeScript for video game development:

  • Static Typing: TypeScript offers static typing, helping you catch type-related issues early and reducing runtime errors.
  • Tooling: TypeScript has excellent tooling support with autocompletion, refactoring, and debugging capabilities that make game development more efficient.
  • Maintainability: TypeScript encourages clean and modular code, making it easier to maintain and extend your game as it grows in complexity.
  • Performance: TypeScript can lead to optimized and more performant code compared to plain JavaScript, which is crucial for smooth game performance.
  • Type Safety: TypeScript enforces type safety, helping prevent runtime errors and bugs in your game code.

Sample Code: Building a Simple Game with TypeScript and Phaser

Let's dive into a basic example of building a simple game using TypeScript and the Phaser game framework. In this example, we'll create a "Star Collector" game where the player collects stars while avoiding bombs.

Step 1: Set Up Your Project

Create a new directory for your project and navigate to it in your terminal:

mkdir game-development
cd game-development

Step 2: Initialize a Node.js Project

Initialize a Node.js project and answer the prompts. You can use the default settings for most prompts:

npm init

Step 3: Install TypeScript and Dependencies

Install TypeScript and the Phaser game framework:

npm install typescript phaser --save

Step 4: Create TypeScript Code

Create a TypeScript file (app.ts) for your game:

// src/app.ts
import 'phaser';
const config: Phaser.Types.Core.GameConfig = {
type: Phaser.AUTO,
width: 800,
height: 600,
scene: {
preload: preload,
create: create,
update: update,
const game = new Phaser.Game(config);
function preload() {
this.load.image('star', 'assets/star.png');
this.load.image('bomb', 'assets/bomb.png');
let score = 0;
let scoreText: Phaser.GameObjects.Text;
function create() {
const stars = this.physics.add.group({
key: 'star',
repeat: 11,
setXY: { x: 12, y: 0, stepX: 70 },
stars.children.iterate((star) => {
star.setBounceY(Phaser.Math.FloatBetween(0.4, 0.8));
this.physics.add.collider(stars, stars);
this.physics.add.overlap(stars, stars, collectStar, null, this);
scoreText = this.add.text(16, 16, 'Score: 0', {
fontSize: '32px',
fill: '#fff',
function collectStar(star: Phaser.GameObjects.GameObject, collectedStar: Phaser.GameObjects.GameObject) {
score += 10;
scoreText.setText(`Score: ${score}`);
}function update() {}

Step 5: Create Asset Files

Create asset files (star.png and bomb.png) and place them in an "assets" directory within your project folder.

Step 6: Compile and Run Your TypeScript Code

Compile your TypeScript code using the TypeScript compiler and start your game:

npx lite-server

Step 7: Play the Game

Open a web browser and navigate to http://localhost:3000 to play the "Star Collector" game.


Using TypeScript for video game development can enhance the development process and result in more maintainable and high-performance games. In this sample code, we created a simple game using TypeScript and Phaser, demonstrating how TypeScript's static typing, tooling, and type safety can benefit game development. As you delve deeper into game development, TypeScript will prove to be a valuable tool for creating engaging and polished games.