Database schema for ecommerce management system

Designing a database schema for an ecommerce management system involves capturing information related to products, customers, orders, payments, and other relevant entities. Below is a basic example of a database schema for an ecommerce system.


  1. Customer:

    • CustomerID (Primary Key)
    • FirstName
    • LastName
    • Email
    • Password
    • Address
    • PhoneNumber
  2. Product:

    • ProductID (Primary Key)
    • ProductName
    • Description
    • Price
    • StockQuantity
    • CategoryID (Foreign Key referencing Category table)
  3. Category:

    • CategoryID (Primary Key)
    • CategoryName
  4. Order:

    • OrderID (Primary Key)
    • CustomerID (Foreign Key referencing Customer table)
    • OrderDate
    • TotalAmount
    • OrderStatus (e.g., pending, shipped, delivered)
  5. OrderItem:

    • OrderItemID (Primary Key)
    • OrderID (Foreign Key referencing Order table)
    • ProductID (Foreign Key referencing Product table)
    • Quantity
    • Subtotal
  6. Payment:

    • PaymentID (Primary Key)
    • OrderID (Foreign Key referencing Order table)
    • PaymentDate
    • PaymentMethod
    • Amount
    • PaymentStatus (e.g., pending, successful, failed)
  7. ShippingAddress:

    • ShippingAddressID (Primary Key)
    • OrderID (Foreign Key referencing Order table)
    • RecipientName
    • Address
    • PhoneNumber

This schema covers the basic entities needed for an ecommerce management system. Here are some explanations:

  • Customers can register and have personal information stored.
  • Products have details like name, description, price, and stock quantity, and belong to a specific category.
  • Categories help organize products.
  • Orders are associated with a customer, have an order date, and a total amount.
  • OrderItems link products to orders and store information about the quantity and subtotal for each product in an order.
  • Payments are associated with orders and store information about the payment date, method, and amount.
  • ShippingAddress stores the shipping details associated with an order.

Depending on the specific requirements of your ecommerce management system, you may need to expand or modify this schema. Consider additional features such as user reviews, discounts, promotions, inventory management, or any other information relevant to your ecommerce platform.