Database schema for shopping mall management system

Designing a database schema for a shopping mall management system involves capturing information related to tenants, stores, products, customers, transactions, and other relevant entities. Below is a basic example of a database schema for a shopping mall management system.


  1. Tenant:

    • TenantID (Primary Key)
    • TenantName
    • TenantType (e.g., retail, restaurant, entertainment)
    • ContactPerson
    • PhoneNumber
    • Email
    • LeaseStartDate
    • LeaseEndDate
    • MonthlyRent
  2. Store:

    • StoreID (Primary Key)
    • StoreName
    • TenantID (Foreign Key referencing Tenant table)
    • FloorNumber
    • AreaSquareFeet
    • OpeningDate
  3. Product:

    • ProductID (Primary Key)
    • ProductName
    • StoreID (Foreign Key referencing Store table)
    • CategoryID (Foreign Key referencing Category table)
    • Price
    • StockQuantity
  4. Category:

    • CategoryID (Primary Key)
    • CategoryName
  5. Customer:

    • CustomerID (Primary Key)
    • FirstName
    • LastName
    • PhoneNumber
    • Email
    • MembershipLevel (e.g., regular, premium)
  6. Transaction:

    • TransactionID (Primary Key)
    • CustomerID (Foreign Key referencing Customer table)
    • StoreID (Foreign Key referencing Store table)
    • TransactionDate
    • TotalAmount
    • PaymentMethod
    • TransactionStatus (e.g., completed, pending)
  7. Discount:

    • DiscountID (Primary Key)
    • StoreID (Foreign Key referencing Store table)
    • DiscountName
    • DiscountPercentage
    • ValidStartDate
    • ValidEndDate

This schema covers the basic entities needed for a shopping mall management system. Here are some explanations:

  • Tenants represent entities that lease space in the shopping mall, with details about the lease agreement.
  • Stores are specific locations within the shopping mall leased by tenants, with details like floor number, area, and opening date.
  • Products represent items available in stores, with details like name, price, and stock quantity.
  • Categories help organize products.
  • Customers have personal information stored, and their membership level is tracked.
  • Transactions capture details about purchases made by customers, including the store, date, total amount, and payment method.
  • Discounts are associated with specific stores and offer discounts for a specified period.

Depending on the specific requirements of your shopping mall management system, you may need to expand or modify this schema. Consider additional features such as promotions, loyalty programs, inventory management, or any other information relevant to your shopping mall management platform.