Introduction to C Debuggers - GDB and More


C Debuggers are essential tools for identifying and fixing bugs and issues in C programs. This guide introduces popular C debuggers, focusing on GDB (GNU Debugger), and provides sample code to demonstrate debugging techniques.

What is a Debugger?

A debugger is a software tool that allows developers to analyze and debug their programs. Debuggers provide features like setting breakpoints, inspecting variables, and stepping through code to identify and fix issues in the program.

GDB - The GNU Debugger

GDB is a widely used open-source debugger for C and C++ programs. It offers a command-line interface and is available on various platforms. Here's a basic overview of using GDB:

// Compile your program with debugging information
gcc -g -o myprogram myprogram.c
// Start GDB
gdb myprogram
// Set a breakpoint
break main
// Run the program
// Step through the code
// Print variable values
print variable_name
// Continue execution
// Quit GDB

Sample Code for Debugging

Let's create a simple C program with a deliberate bug and use GDB to debug it. The following code contains a logical error:

#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
int divisor = 0;
int dividend = 42;
int result = dividend / divisor;
printf("Result: %d\n", result);
return 0;

Use GDB to set breakpoints, inspect variables, and identify the issue in the code. GDB can help you find the division by zero error in this program.


C Debuggers, such as GDB, are indispensable tools for debugging and improving the quality of your C programs. This guide introduced the concept of debuggers, focused on GDB, and provided sample code for debugging practice. By mastering debugging techniques, you can efficiently identify and fix issues in your C code.