Data Analysis in MATLAB: Basic Statistics


MATLAB provides powerful tools for performing basic statistical analysis on data. In this guide, we'll explore how to calculate basic statistics such as mean, median, variance, and standard deviation using MATLAB with sample code.

Loading Data

To perform data analysis, you first need to load your data into MATLAB. Here's how you can load a sample data set:

% Example: Load a sample data set
data = [12, 15, 18, 22, 26, 30, 34, 38, 42, 50];

Calculating Mean and Median

MATLAB makes it easy to calculate the mean and median of a data set:

% Example: Calculate mean and median
mean_value = mean(data);
median_value = median(data);

Calculating Variance and Standard Deviation

Variance and standard deviation are important measures of data dispersion. MATLAB allows you to compute them easily:

% Example: Calculate variance and standard deviation
variance_value = var(data);
std_deviation = std(data);

Displaying Results

You can display the calculated statistics using the disp function:

% Example: Display calculated statistics
disp(['Mean: ', num2str(mean_value)]);
disp(['Median: ', num2str(median_value)]);
disp(['Variance: ', num2str(variance_value)]);
disp(['Standard Deviation: ', num2str(std_deviation)]);


This guide has introduced you to performing basic statistical analysis in MATLAB. MATLAB's data analysis capabilities are extensive and can help you understand and summarize your data effectively. As you become more proficient, you can perform more advanced statistical techniques for data analysis.

Enjoy analyzing data with basic statistics in MATLAB!