Working with Complex Numbers in MATLAB


MATLAB supports complex numbers, which are essential for various mathematical and engineering applications. In this guide, we'll introduce you to working with complex numbers in MATLAB, along with sample code.

Creating Complex Numbers

You can create complex numbers in MATLAB using the complex function or directly by specifying the real and imaginary parts. Here's how to create complex numbers:

% Example: Creating complex numbers
z1 = complex(2, 3); % Create a complex number 2 + 3i
z2 = 1 - 4i; % Create a complex number 1 - 4i

Basic Operations

MATLAB allows you to perform basic operations on complex numbers, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Here are some examples:

% Example: Basic operations with complex numbers
addition_result = z1 + z2;
subtraction_result = z1 - z2;
multiplication_result = z1 * z2;
division_result = z1 / z2;

Complex Conjugate

You can compute the complex conjugate of a complex number using the conj function. The complex conjugate of a complex number \(a + bi\) is \(a - bi\).

% Example: Complex conjugate
conj_result = conj(z1); % Conjugate of 2 + 3i is 2 - 3i

Magnitude and Phase

You can calculate the magnitude (absolute value) and phase (argument) of a complex number using the abs and angle functions:

% Example: Magnitude and phase
magnitude = abs(z1); % Magnitude of 2 + 3i is √(2^2 + 3^2)
phase = angle(z1); % Phase of 2 + 3i is arctan(3/2)


This guide has introduced you to working with complex numbers in MATLAB. Complex numbers are a fundamental part of mathematics and engineering, and MATLAB provides powerful tools for working with them. As you gain experience, you can explore more advanced complex number operations and use them in various real-world applications.

Enjoy working with complex numbers in MATLAB for your mathematical and engineering tasks!