Vue.js offers a powerful feature called render functions that allow you to create and manipulate the DOM programmatically. While render functions are less common than using templates, they provide advanced flexibility for complex scenarios. In this guide, we'll explore advanced usage of Vue.js render functions and provide sample code to demonstrate their capabilities.

Sample Code

Let's create a Vue.js application that utilizes render functions for advanced usage:

<div id="app"></div>
const app = new Vue({
el: '#app',
render(h) {
return h('div', { attrs: { id: 'my-div' } }, [
h('h2', 'Render Function Example'),
h('p', 'This is a paragraph created using a render function.'),
h('ul', [
h('li', 'Item 1'),
h('li', 'Item 2'),
h('li', 'Item 3')
h('button', { on: { click: this.handleClick } }, 'Click Me')
methods: {
handleClick() {
alert('Button clicked!');

In this code:

  • We create a Vue component with an empty `div` element as the root element.
  • In the `render` function, we use the `h` function (short for `createElement`) to create and structure the DOM elements programmatically.
  • We create a `div` element with an `id` attribute, an `h2` heading, a paragraph, an unordered list, list items, and a button with an event handler.
  • The `h` function takes three arguments: the element type, its configuration (such as attributes), and its children (other elements or text).
  • We define a method, `handleClick`, that displays an alert when the button is clicked.