Introduction to Routing Guards

Routing guards in Vue.js allow you to protect routes by adding navigation guards to your application's routes. These guards enable you to control access to specific routes based on certain conditions, such as authentication or user roles. In this guide, we'll explore how to implement routing guards in Vue.js to protect routes and enhance the security of your application.

Setting Up Vue Router

To use routing guards in Vue.js, you need to set up Vue Router. You can do this by installing the Vue Router package. Here's an example of installing Vue Router with npm:

# Install Vue Router
npm install vue-router

After installing Vue Router, you can configure it for your Vue application.

Creating Route Guards

Route guards can be created as functions that execute before or after a route navigation. Vue Router provides several types of guards, including beforeEach, beforeResolve, and afterEach. Here's an example of creating a beforeEach guard:

// Import Vue and Vue Router
import Vue from 'vue';
import VueRouter from 'vue-router';
// Use Vue Router
// Create a new instance of Vue Router
const router = new VueRouter({
routes: [
// Define your routes here
// Create a beforeEach guard
router.beforeEach((to, from, next) => {
// Implement guard logic
const isAuthenticated = /* Check if the user is authenticated */;
if (to.matched.some(record => record.meta.requiresAuth) && !isAuthenticated) {
// Redirect to the login page if authentication is required
} else {
// Continue navigation
export default router;

In this example, we've created a beforeEach guard that checks if the user is authenticated and redirects to the login page if authentication is required for the route. Guards can be attached to specific routes in the route configuration.

Protecting Routes with Guards

To protect specific routes with guards, you can add meta fields to your route configuration. Here's an example:

const routes = [
path: '/',
component: Home,
path: '/dashboard',
component: Dashboard,
meta: { requiresAuth: true },
path: '/login',
component: Login,

In this example, the requiresAuth meta field is added to the /dashboard route, indicating that this route requires authentication.


Vue.js routing guards provide an essential layer of security and control over your application's routes. By implementing guards, you can protect routes based on authentication, user roles, or other conditions, enhancing the overall security and user experience of your Vue application.