Introduction to Vuex Modules

Vuex is a state management library for Vue.js applications. As your application grows, managing the state can become complex. Vuex modules help you organize and structure your state into separate modules, making it more manageable and maintainable. In this guide, we'll explore how to implement Vuex modules in Vue.js to organize your state management efficiently.

Setting Up Vuex

To use Vuex and modules in your Vue.js project, you need to set up Vuex. You can do this by installing the Vuex package. Here's an example of installing Vuex with npm:

# Install Vuex
npm install vuex

After installing Vuex, you can configure it for your Vue application.

Creating Vuex Modules

Vuex modules are created by defining a module object with state, mutations, actions, and getters. Here's an example of creating a Vuex module for managing a user's information:

// Import Vue and Vuex
import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';
// Use Vuex
// Create a user module
const userModule = {
state: {
user: null,
mutations: {
setUser(state, user) {
state.user = user;
actions: {
fetchUser({ commit }) {
// Fetch user data and commit the mutation
const user = /* Fetch user data from an API */;
commit('setUser', user);
getters: {
getUser: state => state.user,
// Create a new Vuex store with the user module
const store = new Vuex.Store({
modules: {
user: userModule,
export default store;

In this example, we've created a Vuex module for managing user information, including state, mutations, actions, and getters. The module is then included in the Vuex store.

Accessing Module State and Actions

To access module state and actions in your Vue components, you can use the mapState and mapActions helpers. Here's an example of using them:

<div v-if="user">
<h3>User Information</h3>
<p>Name: {{ }}</p>
<p>Email: {{ }}</p>
<button @click="fetchUserData">Load User Data</button>
import { mapState, mapActions } from 'vuex';
export default {
computed: {
...mapState('user', {
user: 'user',
methods: {
...mapActions('user', ['fetchUser']),
fetchUserData() {

In this example, we've used mapState and mapActions to access module state and actions in a Vue component.


Vue.js Vuex modules are a valuable tool for organizing and managing state in your application. By breaking down your state into modules, you can maintain a cleaner and more structured state management solution, making it easier to scale and maintain your Vue application.