Introduction to Go

Go, often referred to as Golang, is a statically typed, compiled programming language created by Google. It's known for its simplicity, efficiency, and strong support for concurrency. In this guide, we will explore the basics of Go and help you get started on your journey to becoming a Go developer.


To get started with Go, you need to install the Go compiler. Follow these steps to install Go on your system:

<!-- Sample code for installing Go on Linux -->
$ wget
$ tar -C /usr/local -xzf go1.17.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz
$ export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin

After installation, you can verify it by running go version.

Your First Go Program - Hello, World!

Let's create a simple "Hello, World!" program in Go to get familiar with the language. Create a file named hello.go with the following content:

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
fmt.Println("Hello, World!")

You can compile and run this program using the following commands:

$ go build hello.go
$ ./hello

Congratulations! You've just written and executed your first Go program.

Basic Syntax

Go has a simple and clean syntax. It includes features like variables, control structures, and functions. Here's a quick overview:

// Variable declaration
var message string
message = "Hello, World!"
// Short variable declaration
greeting := "Hi there!"
// Control structures
if condition {
// Code block
} else {
// Code block
for i := 0; i < 5; i++ {
// Loop code
// Functions
func sayHello() {
fmt.Println("Hello, Go!")

Concurrency in Go

Go is known for its excellent support for concurrent programming. It includes goroutines and channels to make concurrent code easy and efficient. Here's a basic example:

package main
import (
func main() {
go sayHello()
go sayGoodbye()
time.Sleep(1 * time.Second)
func sayHello() {
fmt.Println("Hello, Go!")
func sayGoodbye() {
fmt.Println("Goodbye, Go!")

This code will execute the sayHello() and sayGoodbye() functions concurrently.

Further Resources

Learning Go is an exciting journey. Here are some resources to help you continue your learning: