Middleware plays a crucial role in enhancing the functionality and capabilities of your Go web server. In this guide, you'll learn how to write custom middleware in Go to perform tasks such as authentication, logging, request processing, and more. We'll cover the basics of middleware, how to integrate it into your web server, and provide sample code for each step.


Before getting started, ensure you have Go installed on your system. Familiarity with Go web development and HTTP concepts will be beneficial.

What Is Middleware?

Middleware is software that acts as a bridge between different components of your web application. In the context of Go web development, middleware intercepts and processes incoming HTTP requests and responses. It allows you to add functionality to your web server without modifying the core application code.

Types of Middleware

There are various types of middleware you can create in Go, including:

  • Authentication Middleware: Verifies user credentials and grants or denies access to protected routes.
  • Logging Middleware: Records request and response data for debugging and analysis.
  • Request Processing Middleware: Manipulates request data before it reaches your application's handlers.
  • CORS Middleware: Adds Cross-Origin Resource Sharing headers to enable cross-origin requests.
  • Custom Middleware: Middleware tailored to your application's specific needs.

Writing Custom Middleware

To write custom middleware in Go, you create functions that conform to the "http.Handler" interface. These functions receive and modify HTTP requests and responses as needed. Here's a simple example of logging middleware:

package main
import (
func LoggerMiddleware(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
log.Printf("Request: %s %s", r.Method, r.URL)
next.ServeHTTP(w, r)

Using Middleware

To use middleware in your Go web server, you chain them together in the desired order. Here's an example of how to use the "LoggerMiddleware" defined earlier along with standard HTTP handlers:

func main() {
// Create a new router
router := mux.NewRouter()
// Attach the LoggerMiddleware
// Define your routes and handlers
router.HandleFunc("/hello", HelloHandler)
router.HandleFunc("/greet", GreetHandler)
// Start the server
http.Handle("/", router)
http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)

Order of Execution

Middleware functions are executed in the order they are attached to the router. The order of execution matters, as each middleware can modify the request or response for subsequent middlewares and handlers.


Writing custom middleware in Go is a powerful technique for enhancing your web server's functionality and handling common tasks such as authentication, logging, and request processing. This guide covered the basics of middleware, writing custom middleware functions, and using middleware in your web server. With this knowledge, you can build robust and feature-rich web applications in Go.

Further Resources

To further explore Go web development and middleware, consider the following resources: