How to Use JavaScript Classes - Practical Examples

JavaScript classes are a fundamental feature for creating reusable and organized code. They provide a blueprint for creating objects with shared properties and methods. In this guide, we'll explore how to use JavaScript classes with practical examples to illustrate their usage.

Defining a Class

To define a class, you can use the class keyword. Here's an example of a simple class:

class Person {
constructor(name, age) { = name;
this.age = age;
greet() {
console.log(`Hello, my name is ${}, and I'm ${this.age} years old.`);
const person1 = new Person('Alice', 30);

In this example, we define a Person class with a constructor and a greet method. We then create an instance of the class and call the greet method.

Inheritance and Subclasses

Classes can also be used to create subclasses for inheritance. Here's an example of a subclass:

class Student extends Person {
constructor(name, age, grade) {
super(name, age);
this.grade = grade;
study() {
console.log(`${} is studying for the ${this.grade} grade.`);
const student1 = new Student('Bob', 15, 10);

In this example, the Student class extends the Person class. It inherits the constructor and methods from the parent class and adds its own properties and methods.

Static Methods

Static methods are methods that belong to the class itself rather than instances of the class. Here's an example:

class MathUtils {
static square(x) {
return x * x;
const result = MathUtils.square(5);
console.log(`The square of 5 is ${result}`);

In this example, the square method is a static method of the MathUtils class, and it can be called without creating an instance of the class.


JavaScript classes provide a structured way to organize your code, define blueprints for objects, and facilitate inheritance. Whether you're creating simple objects or complex class hierarchies, understanding how to use JavaScript classes is a crucial skill for building maintainable and scalable applications.

Happy coding with JavaScript classes!