How to Use JavaScript Objects - Practical Examples

Objects are a fundamental data type in JavaScript, used to store and manipulate collections of related data. In this guide, we'll explore how to use JavaScript objects with practical examples to illustrate their usage in real-world scenarios.

Creating an Object

To create an object, you can use object literal notation:

const person = {
firstName: "John",
lastName: "Doe",
age: 30,
email: "",
hobbies: ["Reading", "Cooking", "Hiking"],
address: {
street: "123 Main St",
city: "Anytown",
zipCode: "12345"

This creates a "person" object with various properties, including strings, numbers, an array, and a nested object.

Accessing Object Properties

You can access object properties using dot notation:

const fullName = person.firstName + " " + person.lastName;
const city =;

fullName will be "John Doe," and city will be "Anytown."

Adding and Modifying Properties

You can add new properties or modify existing ones:

person.job = "Web Developer";
person.age = 32;

This adds a "job" property and updates the "age" property of the "person" object.

Object Methods

You can define methods as object properties:

const calculator = {
add: function(a, b) {
return a + b;
subtract: function(a, b) {
return a - b;
const sum = calculator.add(5, 3);
const difference = calculator.subtract(8, 2);

sum will be 8, and difference will be 6.

Iterating Through Object Properties

You can loop through object properties using a loop:

for (const key in person) {
console.log(key + ": " + person[key]);

This loop prints all properties of the "person" object.


JavaScript objects are versatile data structures for organizing and manipulating data. With properties and methods, you can represent complex information and perform various tasks. Understanding how to work with objects is crucial for creating dynamic and data-driven applications.

Happy coding!