Introduction to JavaFX: Creating Desktop Applications

What is JavaFX?

JavaFX is a powerful framework for creating rich, interactive, and visually appealing desktop applications in Java. It provides a set of libraries and tools for building modern user interfaces, allowing developers to create applications with features like animation, multimedia, and 2D/3D graphics.

JavaFX Features

JavaFX offers a wide range of features, including:

  • Rich User Interfaces: JavaFX provides a variety of UI controls for creating attractive and user-friendly interfaces.
  • Styling and Skinning: You can apply CSS to customize the look and feel of your JavaFX applications.
  • Animation: Create smooth animations and transitions for UI elements.
  • Media Support: Easily integrate audio and video into your applications.
  • Charting: Build interactive charts and graphs for data visualization.
  • 2D/3D Graphics: JavaFX supports both 2D and 3D graphics rendering.

Creating Your First JavaFX Application

Let's start by creating a simple "Hello, JavaFX!" application. You'll need to set up a JavaFX project and create a main class that extends the Application class.

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Label;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
public class HelloJavaFX extends Application {
public static void main(String[] args) {
public void start(Stage primaryStage) {
primaryStage.setTitle("Hello, JavaFX!");
Label label = new Label("Hello, JavaFX!");
Scene scene = new Scene(label, 300, 200);

Running Your JavaFX Application

To run your JavaFX application, you need to configure your project and set up the JavaFX runtime. You can typically run a JavaFX application from your integrated development environment (IDE) or by using command-line tools.


JavaFX is a versatile framework for creating modern desktop applications in Java. You've learned the basics of JavaFX, including its features and how to create a simple JavaFX application. As you delve deeper into JavaFX development, you'll discover the wide range of possibilities for building interactive and visually appealing desktop software.