Java for Web Development: An Introduction


Java is a versatile and widely used programming language known for its portability, scalability, and robustness. While it's commonly associated with building desktop applications and backend services, Java can also be used for web development. In this guide, we'll introduce you to using Java for web development, including both frontend and backend aspects.

Frontend Development with Java

Java can be used for frontend web development through frameworks like JavaServer Faces (JSF) and JavaFX. JSF is a Java web application framework for building dynamic web applications, while JavaFX is a rich client platform for building desktop-like web applications.

Sample JavaServer Faces Code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns=""
<title>Hello World</title>
<h:outputText value="Hello, JSF!" />

Sample JavaFX Code:

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Label;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
public class HelloWorld extends Application {
public void start(Stage stage) {
Label label = new Label("Hello, JavaFX!");
StackPane root = new StackPane(label);
Scene scene = new Scene(root, 300, 200);
stage.setTitle("Hello World Example");
public static void main(String[] args) {

Backend Development with Java

Java is widely used for backend web development. Java-based frameworks like Spring, Java EE (now Jakarta EE), and Grails allow you to build powerful and scalable web applications, APIs, and services.

Sample Spring Boot Code:

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
public class HelloWorldApplication {
public static void main(String[] args) {, args);
class HelloWorldController {
public String hello() {
return "Hello, Spring Boot!";


Java is a versatile language that can be used for web development, both on the frontend and backend. Whether you're building dynamic web applications with JSF, rich client interfaces with JavaFX, or robust backend services with frameworks like Spring, Java offers a range of tools and capabilities to create web solutions that meet your needs.