Building a Basic Kotlin Web Application

Kotlin can be used to build web applications, and one of the popular frameworks for web development in Kotlin is Ktor. In this guide, we'll walk you through the steps to create a basic Kotlin web application using Ktor.

Setting Up Your Environment

Before you start, make sure you have Kotlin installed on your system. You can install it by following the official Kotlin installation guide. Additionally, you'll need a build tool like Gradle to manage your project dependencies.

Creating a Simple Kotlin Web Application

Let's create a simple web application that serves a "Hello, Kotlin!" message when accessed.

1. Create a new directory for your project, for example, `kotlin-web-app`.

2. Inside the project directory, create a `build.gradle.kts` or `build.gradle` file to manage your project's dependencies. Add the following dependencies for Ktor:

dependencies {
implementation "io.ktor:ktor-server-netty:$ktor_version"
implementation "io.ktor:ktor-html-builder:$ktor_version"

Make sure to replace `$ktor_version` with the desired version of Ktor.

3. Create a Kotlin file for your application, for example, `HelloKotlinApp.kt`:

import io.ktor.application.*
import io.ktor.features.ContentNegotiation
import io.ktor.http.ContentType
import io.ktor.http.HttpStatusCode
import io.ktor.jackson.jackson
import io.ktor.response.respondText
import io.ktor.routing.Routing
import io.ktor.routing.get
import io.ktor.server.engine.embeddedServer
import io.ktor.server.netty.Netty
import io.ktor.html.*
fun Application.module() {
install(ContentNegotiation) {
jackson {}
routing {
get("/") {
call.respondText("Hello, Kotlin!", ContentType.Text.Html)
fun main() {
embeddedServer(Netty, port = 8080, module = Application::module).start(wait = true)

This code sets up a simple Ktor web application that responds with "Hello, Kotlin!" when accessed at the root URL.

4. Run your Kotlin web application using Gradle. Open your terminal and navigate to your project directory, then execute the following command:

./gradlew run

Your web application should be running at `http://localhost:8080`. Access it in your web browser to see the "Hello, Kotlin!" message.


Building web applications with Kotlin and Ktor is a powerful and efficient way to create web services and websites. This example demonstrates how to set up a basic web application, but you can extend it to create more complex web services and add features like database access and authentication.

Happy coding with Kotlin web applications!