Lambda Expressions in Kotlin - Simplifying Code

Lambda expressions are a powerful feature in Kotlin that allow you to write concise and expressive code. They are commonly used for functions, higher-order functions, and functional programming. In this guide, we'll explore how lambda expressions simplify code and make it more readable.

Basic Lambda Expression

In Kotlin, a lambda expression is defined using curly braces and the `->` symbol. Here's a simple example:

val add: (Int, Int) -> Int = { a, b -> a + b }
val result = add(3, 4)
println("Addition result: $result")

In this example, we define a lambda expression to add two integers. It's assigned to a variable `add`, which can be used as a function.

Lambda as an Argument

Lambdas are often used as arguments for higher-order functions. For instance, the `filter` function:

val numbers = listOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10)
val evenNumbers = numbers.filter { it % 2 == 0 }
println("Even numbers: $evenNumbers")

The lambda expression inside the `filter` function is used to specify the filtering criteria.

Lambda with Receiver

Kotlin allows you to define extensions to types using lambda expressions with a receiver:

val numbers = mutableListOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
val doubled = with(numbers) {
this.add(6) { it * 2 }
println("Doubled numbers with receiver: $doubled")

The `with` function provides a receiver to the lambda expression, allowing you to manipulate the receiver object directly.

Lambda Expression Syntax

Lambda expressions come in various forms, and you can choose the one that best suits your needs. You can use placeholders like `it` for single parameters and omit types when they can be inferred:

val numbers = listOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
val squared = { it * it }
println("Squared numbers: $squared")


Lambda expressions are a powerful tool for simplifying code and making it more expressive. They enable you to write clean and concise code, especially when working with higher-order functions and functional programming concepts. Mastering lambda expressions is essential for becoming proficient in Kotlin.

Happy coding!