Operator Overloading in Kotlin

Operator overloading is a feature in Kotlin that allows you to define custom behaviors for standard operators like +, -, *, /, and more. In this guide, we'll explore operator overloading, how to implement it in Kotlin, and its practical use cases.

Operator Overloading Basics

In Kotlin, you can overload operators by defining special member functions within your class. These functions have specific names corresponding to the operator you want to overload. For example:

data class Point(val x: Int, val y: Int) {
operator fun plus(other: Point) = Point(x + other.x, y + other.y)

In this example, we've overloaded the `+` operator for the `Point` class to add two `Point` objects together.

Using Overloaded Operators

Once you've defined an operator function, you can use the overloaded operator just like a built-in operator:

val point1 = Point(3, 4)
val point2 = Point(1, 2)
val result = point1 + point2
println("Result: (${result.x}, ${result.y})")

The `+` operator, when used with `Point` objects, calls the custom `plus` operator function to perform the addition.

Common Overloaded Operators

Kotlin allows you to overload a variety of operators, including `+`, `-`, `*`, `/`, `%`, `+=`, `-=`, and many more. You can choose the operators that make sense for your data types and classes.

Operator Functions for Custom Classes

You can define operator functions for your custom classes to provide meaningful behavior. For example, overloading the `==` operator for custom equality:

data class Person(val name: String, val age: Int) {
operator fun equals(other: Person) = name == other.name && age == other.age


Operator overloading in Kotlin is a powerful feature that allows you to define custom behaviors for operators. It's particularly useful when working with custom data types, making your code more expressive and readable. Whether you're dealing with mathematical operations, comparisons, or any other operator-related functionality, operator overloading can simplify your code.

Happy coding!