Properties and Fields in Kotlin Classes

Properties and fields are essential components of Kotlin classes, allowing you to encapsulate data and define the behavior of your objects. In this guide, we'll explore properties, fields, and how they are used in Kotlin classes.


A property in Kotlin is a combination of a field (backing field) and a getter and setter method. You can define a property in a class like this:

class Person {
var name: String = ""

With this definition, you can get and set the value of the name property as if it were a field:

val person = Person() = "Alice"
val aliceName =

Custom Accessors

You can customize the behavior of property accessors by providing custom getter and setter methods:

class Circle {
var radius: Double = 0.0
get() {
println("Getting radius")
return field
set(value) {
println("Setting radius")
field = value

With custom accessors, you can add custom logic when getting or setting the property value.

Backing Fields

In Kotlin, properties are backed by fields, which are automatically generated. You can access the backing field using the field identifier within the property's accessor methods. For example:

class Rectangle {
var width: Int = 0
set(value) {
println("Setting width to $value")
field = value

The field identifier allows you to manipulate the field directly, even in custom accessor methods.


Properties and fields are integral to Kotlin classes, providing a way to encapsulate data and define how it is accessed and modified. Understanding how to declare properties, use custom accessors, and work with backing fields is crucial for building organized and well-behaved classes in Kotlin.

Happy coding!