Django and GraphQL - Building a GraphQL API


GraphQL is a powerful query language for APIs that enables clients to request exactly the data they need. In this guide, we'll explore how to build a GraphQL API with Django, a popular Python web framework.

Setting Up Django and Graphene

To create a GraphQL API with Django, you can use the "Graphene-Django" library, which provides the tools needed to define your schema and handle GraphQL queries. Follow these steps:

  1. Install Django and Graphene-Django:
    pip install Django graphene-django
  2. Create a new Django project:
    django-admin startproject projectname
  3. Create a Django app for your GraphQL API:
    python startapp api

Defining Your GraphQL Schema

Define your GraphQL schema by creating a new Python file within your app. For example, create a "" file and define your schema using Graphene-Django's classes and types. Here's a sample schema definition for a simple blog API:

# api/
import graphene
from graphene_django.types import DjangoObjectType
from .models import Post
class PostType(DjangoObjectType):
class Meta:
model = Post
class Query(graphene.ObjectType):
all_posts = graphene.List(PostType)
post = graphene.Field(PostType, id=graphene.Int())
def resolve_all_posts(self, info, **kwargs):
return Post.objects.all()
def resolve_post(self, info, id):
return Post.objects.get(pk=id)
schema = graphene.Schema(query=Query)

Creating API Endpoints

Create API endpoints in your Django views to handle GraphQL queries. Use Graphene-Django's view classes to enable the interaction between clients and your GraphQL schema. In your Django project's "" file, you can define the URL patterns for your API views.

# api/
from django.urls import path
from graphene_django.views import GraphQLView
from .schema import schema
urlpatterns = [
path('graphql/', GraphQLView.as_view(graphiql=True, schema=schema)),

Using GraphQL in Your Application

You can now use GraphQL queries to request data from your API. Use tools like GraphiQL (enabled by setting "graphiql=True" in the view) or popular GraphQL client libraries to explore and interact with your API.


Building a GraphQL API with Django and Graphene-Django allows you to provide flexible and efficient data access to your clients. Customize your schema, define resolvers, and create powerful APIs tailored to your application's specific needs.