Django Celery - Asynchronous Task Processing


Django Celery is a powerful tool for handling asynchronous and distributed task processing in your Django applications. In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore how to use Django Celery for performing background tasks, such as sending emails, generating reports, and other time-consuming operations. You'll learn how to set up Celery, define tasks, and integrate it with your Django project.


Before you begin, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  • Django Project: You should have an existing Django project where you want to implement asynchronous tasks.
  • Python Knowledge: Basic knowledge of Python programming is essential.
  • RabbitMQ or Redis: You'll need a message broker like RabbitMQ or Redis for Celery to work.

Step 1: Setting Up Celery

The first step is to install and configure Celery in your Django project. You'll need to define settings and set up the message broker.

Sample Installation and Configuration

Install Celery and configure it in your Django project's settings:

# Install Celery
pip install celery
# Example Celery settings in
CELERY_BROKER_URL = 'redis://localhost:6379/0'
CELERY_RESULT_BACKEND = 'redis://localhost:6379/0'

Step 2: Defining Celery Tasks

Create Celery tasks as Python functions. These tasks can be decorated with the `@task` decorator and perform background operations.

Sample Celery Task Definition

Define a Celery task to send an email:

from celery import shared_task
from django.core.mail import send_mail
def send_email(subject, message, from_email, recipient_list):
send_mail(subject, message, from_email, recipient_list)


Django Celery is a valuable addition to your Django projects, enabling you to handle background tasks efficiently. This guide has introduced you to the basics, but there's much more to explore as you tackle more complex asynchronous operations in your applications.