Django with NoSQL Databases - MongoDB and More


Django, a popular Python web framework, is traditionally associated with relational databases like PostgreSQL, MySQL, and SQLite. However, it's also possible to use Django with NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB. This opens up new possibilities for building scalable and flexible web applications.

Using Django with NoSQL Databases

To integrate Django with NoSQL databases like MongoDB, you can use third-party libraries like "djongo" or "mongoengine." Here's a basic overview of the steps involved:

  1. Install the appropriate third-party library to enable Django to communicate with the NoSQL database.
  2. Configure your Django project's settings to use the NoSQL database as the backend.
  3. Define models in Django that correspond to the data structures in the NoSQL database.
  4. Use these models to perform database operations just like you would with a relational database.

Sample Code for Using Django with MongoDB (mongoengine)

Below is a simplified example of how to set up Django to work with MongoDB using the "mongoengine" library. This is just a starting point, and you can customize it to fit your specific use case.

# Install the required libraries: pip install django mongoengine
'default': {
'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.dummy', # Use dummy backend to disable the default database
'mongodb': {
'ENGINE': 'django_mongoengine',
'NAME': 'your_database_name',
from mongoengine import Document, StringField
class Post(Document):
title = StringField(max_length=200)
content = StringField()
from django.shortcuts import render
from .models import Post
def view_posts(request):
posts = Post.objects.all()
return render(request, 'posts.html', {'posts': posts})

In the code above, we set up a Django project to use MongoDB as the database backend, define a "Post" model, and create a view to display posts. You'll need to configure your Django templates and other project settings as needed.


Integrating Django with NoSQL databases like MongoDB offers flexibility and scalability for your web applications. While this example focuses on MongoDB, other NoSQL databases can be used in a similar way. Explore the full capabilities of NoSQL databases and Django to match your application's specific requirements.