How to Create URLs and Routing in Django
In Django, creating URLs and routing is fundamental to building web applications. URL patterns map URLs to views, allowing you to control how web requests are handled. In this guide, we'll explore how to create URLs and routing in Django.
Before you begin, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:
- Django: You should have Django installed. If not, use
to install it.
pip install django
- Django Project: You should have a Django project set up. If not, refer to the guide on creating your first Django project.
- Views: Ensure you have view functions or classes defined in your Django app. If not, refer to the guide on handling URL requests in Django.
Creating URL Patterns
To create URL patterns in Django, you'll define regular expressions that map URLs to view functions or classes.
In your Django app's
file, define URL patterns using the
function. For example:
from django.urls import path
from . import views
urlpatterns = [
path('', views.home, name='home'),
path('about/', views.about, name='about'),
path('contact/', views.contact, name='contact'),
Using URL Patterns
Once you've defined URL patterns, Django's URL dispatcher will match incoming URLs to the appropriate view functions or classes based on the defined patterns.
In your view functions in
, you can handle requests associated with specific URL patterns. For example:
from django.http import HttpResponse
return HttpResponse("Welcome to the home page")
return HttpResponse("Learn more about us")
return HttpResponse("Contact us here")
Creating URL patterns and routing in Django is a key part of building web applications. By defining URL patterns and associating them with views, you can control how web requests are handled, creating a logical structure for your application.