Django and Real-time Notifications


Real-time notifications are a crucial feature for modern web applications. In this guide, we'll explore how to implement real-time notifications in a Django application using technologies like WebSockets and Channels.

1. Project Setup

Start by creating a new Django project or using an existing one. You'll need to install Django Channels, which provides the infrastructure for handling WebSockets and real-time functionality.

# Install Django Channels
pip install channels

2. Configuration

Configure Django Channels in your project's settings. Add Channels to your

and set up a channel layer backend, such as Redis.

# ...
# ...
# Use Redis as the channel layer backend
"default": {
"BACKEND": "channels_redis.core.RedisChannelLayer",
"hosts": [("localhost", 6379)],

3. WebSocket Consumers

Create WebSocket consumers to handle real-time events and notifications. Consumers are Python classes that define how to connect to and manage WebSocket connections.

import json
from channels.generic.websocket import AsyncWebsocketConsumer
class NotificationConsumer(AsyncWebsocketConsumer):
async def connect(self):
# Handle connection logic
await self.accept()
async def disconnect(self, close_code):
# Handle disconnection logic
async def receive(self, text_data):
text_data_json = json.loads(text_data)
message = text_data_json['message']
# Send the received message to the client
await self.send(text_data=json.dumps({
'message': message

4. Routing

Configure routing to connect WebSocket consumers to specific URL patterns. Define a WebSocket route to your consumer in the project's

from django.urls import re_path
from . import consumers
websocket_urlpatterns = [
re_path(r'ws/notifications/$', consumers.NotificationConsumer.as_asgi()),

5. JavaScript Client

Create a JavaScript client that connects to the WebSocket and handles real-time notifications. You can use a library like WebSocket API or

// WebSocket client using the WebSocket API
const socket = new WebSocket('ws://');
socket.onmessage = (event) => {
const data = JSON.parse(;
// Handle the received data, e.g., display a notification
socket.onclose = (event) => {
// Handle WebSocket closure

6. Sending Notifications

To send notifications, you can use Django Channels to trigger events from your application code. WebSocket consumers connected to the relevant channels will receive these events and push notifications to connected clients.

# Sending a notification in Django view
from channels.layers import get_channel_layer
from asgiref.sync import async_to_sync
channel_layer = get_channel_layer()
# Trigger a notification event
async def send_notification(user_id, message):
channel_name = f"user_{user_id}"
await channel_layer.group_add(
await channel_layer.group_send(
"type": "notification.message",
"message": message,


Implementing real-time notifications in a Django application opens up possibilities for creating interactive and engaging user experiences. Customize your notification system to fit your project's specific requirements and provide users with timely and relevant updates.