Managing user roles and permissions is crucial in web applications to control access to different parts of the system. Flask provides a flexible way to implement role-based access control (RBAC) in your application. In this guide, we'll explore how to manage user roles and permissions in a Flask web application. You'll learn how to define roles, restrict access to certain routes, and create a secure environment where different users have different privileges. By following this guide, you'll be able to implement RBAC effectively in your Flask application.

Step 1: Setting Up Your Flask Application

Start by setting up your Flask application and creating a directory structure. Here's a sample structure:


Step 2: Installing Flask and Required Libraries

Install Flask and any required libraries for your application. You can use pip to install the necessary packages:

pip install Flask
pip install Flask-Login

Step 3: Creating the Flask Application

Create your Flask application. Here's an example of Python code:

from flask import Flask, render_template
from flask_login import LoginManager, UserMixin, login_required
app = Flask(__name__)
app.secret_key = 'your_secret_key'
login_manager = LoginManager()
class User(UserMixin):
def __init__(self, id): = id
def load_user(user_id):
return User(user_id)
def home():
return render_template('home.html')
def admin():
return render_template('admin.html')
def user():
return render_template('user.html')
if __name__ == '__main__':

Step 4: Creating HTML Templates

Create HTML templates for different roles in your application. Here's an example of an admin template:

<!-- templates/admin.html -->
<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Admin Page</title>
<h1>Welcome, Admin!</h1>
<p>This is the admin page. You have access to all features.</p>

And here's an example of a user template:

<!-- templates/user.html -->
<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>User Page</title>
<h1>Welcome, User!</h1>
<p>This is the user page. You have limited access.</p>


Managing user roles and permissions in a Flask application helps create a secure and controlled environment. By following this guide, you've learned how to set up your Flask application, create different roles, and restrict access to specific routes based on user roles. You can expand on this foundation to add more roles, permissions, and fine-grained access control in your application.