Building a Simple E-commerce Website with Ruby


Creating an e-commerce website is a complex and multifaceted project. While Ruby is not the most common choice for building e-commerce websites, it can be used to create a basic e-commerce site to understand the fundamentals. In this guide, we'll explore the essential steps and components of building a simple e-commerce website with Ruby.


Before you begin, ensure you have the following prerequisites:

  • Basic knowledge of the Ruby programming language
  • A code editor (e.g., Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text)
  • A web development environment set up (Ruby on Rails, Sinatra, or other frameworks)
  • A basic understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript

Step 1: Choose a Web Framework

You can use web frameworks like Ruby on Rails or Sinatra to build your e-commerce website. These frameworks provide a solid foundation for web development. In this example, we'll use Ruby on Rails:

# Install Ruby on Rails
gem install rails

Step 2: Create the Project Structure

Initialize your Ruby on Rails project with the following command:

rails new ecommerce_website

Step 3: Define the Data Model

Define your data model, including products, categories, users, and orders. Use the Rails migration system to create the necessary database tables:

rails generate model Product name:string price:decimal
rails generate model Category name:string
rails generate model User name:string email:string
rails generate model Order user:references

Step 4: Implement E-commerce Features

Implement key e-commerce features, such as:

  • Product listings and details pages
  • Shopping cart functionality
  • User authentication and registration
  • Order processing and payment integration

Step 5: Design the User Interface

Create user-friendly layouts and styles for your e-commerce site using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. You can use front-end libraries like Bootstrap for rapid development.

Step 6: Testing and Deployment

Test your e-commerce website thoroughly and then deploy it to a web hosting service or server. Consider using cloud services or platforms like Heroku for deployment.


Building a simple e-commerce website with Ruby is a significant project that involves web development, database management, and user interface design. While Ruby may not be the most common language for e-commerce, it can serve as an educational starting point. As you gain experience, you can explore other technologies and frameworks commonly used in e-commerce, such as Ruby on Rails, JavaScript, and payment gateways.

Happy coding, and enjoy building your e-commerce website!