Introduction to AJAX in Ruby on Rails


AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a technique that allows web pages to update content without requiring a full page reload. In Ruby on Rails, AJAX is commonly used to create dynamic and responsive web applications. In this guide, we'll explore the basics of using AJAX in Ruby on Rails and provide sample code to get you started.


Before diving into AJAX in Ruby on Rails, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  • Ruby on Rails installed on your system
  • A code editor (e.g., Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text)
  • A Ruby on Rails application set up

Using AJAX in Ruby on Rails

One of the common use cases for AJAX in Ruby on Rails is loading or updating content without refreshing the entire page. Here's how you can use AJAX to load content dynamically:

1. Setting Up the Route

In your Rails application, define a route in the config/routes.rb file that points to a controller action responsible for rendering the content you want to load dynamically.

# config/routes.rb
get 'load_content', to: 'your_controller#load_content'

2. Creating the Controller Action

Create a controller action that renders the content you want to load using AJAX. For example:

# app/controllers/your_controller.rb
def load_content
@dynamic_content = "This is the dynamically loaded content."
respond_to do |format|

3. Writing the View

Create a view file that will be used to render the dynamic content. In this example, we'll use a JavaScript view (load_content.js.erb):

// app/views/your_controller/load_content.js.erb
$('#dynamic-content-container').html('<%= j render(partial: "dynamic_content") %>');

4. Adding JavaScript

In your HTML view, add JavaScript code that triggers the AJAX request and updates the content:

<!-- app/views/your_view.html.erb -->
<div id="dynamic-content-container">
<!-- Dynamic content will be loaded here -->
<%= link_to 'Load Content', load_content_path, remote: true %>


AJAX in Ruby on Rails allows you to create dynamic and responsive web applications by loading or updating content without full page reloads. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can incorporate AJAX into your Rails application and provide a more interactive and seamless user experience.

As you delve deeper into AJAX in Rails, you can explore more advanced features, such as handling form submissions, implementing real-time updates, and improving the overall interactivity of your web application.

Happy coding with AJAX in Ruby on Rails!