Spring Boot and Docker Compose make it easy to develop, deploy, and manage multi-container applications. This guide introduces the integration of Spring Boot with Docker Compose, explains the benefits of multi-container apps, and provides sample code with explanations to help you get started with Docker Compose in your Spring Boot projects.

Why Use Docker Compose with Spring Boot?

Using Docker Compose alongside Spring Boot offers several advantages:

  • Containerization: Docker containers encapsulate your Spring Boot applications and their dependencies, ensuring consistent and reproducible environments across development, testing, and production.
  • Orchestration: Docker Compose allows you to define multi-container applications and their relationships in a single configuration file, making it easy to manage complex application stacks.
  • Portability: With Docker Compose, you can define your application's entire environment in code, making it easy to share, version, and deploy your application stack on different platforms.
  • Development Efficiency: Developers can work with isolated containers for each component of an application, simplifying local development and testing.

Creating a Multi-Container App with Docker Compose

To create a multi-container Spring Boot application using Docker Compose, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Dockerfile for your Spring Boot application to package it as a Docker image.
  1. Write a `docker-compose.yml` file that defines the services in your application stack. This file can include a database, a message broker, and other services your Spring Boot app depends on.
version: '3'
build: .
- "8080:8080"
- database
image: postgres:latest
  1. Use the `docker-compose up` command to start your multi-container application stack.
  1. Access your Spring Boot application at `http://localhost:8080` or any other configured endpoint.


Spring Boot and Docker Compose provide an efficient and consistent way to develop and deploy multi-container applications. This guide introduced the integration, explained the benefits of multi-container apps, and provided sample code for creating Docker Compose files in your Spring Boot projects. By using Docker Compose, you can simplify development, testing, and deployment of complex application stacks.