Spring Boot with Spring Data MongoDB is a powerful combination for building data-driven applications that leverage MongoDB, a NoSQL database. This guide will explore how to integrate Spring Boot with Spring Data MongoDB, understand the basics of MongoDB, and provide sample code with explanations for its implementation.

Why Use MongoDB with Spring Boot?

MongoDB is a popular NoSQL database known for its flexibility and scalability. It's an ideal choice for applications where data structures may evolve over time, and Spring Boot's integration with Spring Data MongoDB provides a convenient way to work with MongoDB databases. Key benefits include:

  • Schema Flexibility: MongoDB's document-based model allows you to store data without a predefined schema, making it easy to adapt to changing requirements.
  • Scalability: MongoDB supports horizontal scaling, allowing your application to grow easily as data volume increases.
  • Spring Integration: Spring Data MongoDB simplifies the process of connecting to MongoDB and performing database operations.

Getting Started with Spring Data MongoDB

To start using Spring Boot with Spring Data MongoDB, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Spring Boot project using the Spring Initializr or your preferred IDE.
  2. Add the Spring Data MongoDB dependency to your project's pom.xml (Maven) or build.gradle (Gradle) file:
<!-- Maven -->
// Gradle
dependencies {
implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-data-mongodb'
  1. Configure the MongoDB connection in your application's properties file:
  1. Create a model class and a repository interface for your MongoDB documents:
public class Book {
private String id;
private String title;
private String author;
// Getters and setters
public interface BookRepository extends MongoRepository<Book, String> {
  1. Use the repository to perform CRUD operations on your MongoDB data, including creating, reading, updating, and deleting documents.
public class BookService {
private final BookRepository bookRepository;
public BookService(BookRepository bookRepository) {
this.bookRepository = bookRepository;
public List<Book> getAllBooks() {
return bookRepository.findAll();
public Book createBook(Book book) {
public Book getBookById(String id) {
return bookRepository.findById(id).orElse(null);
public void deleteBook(String id) {

In this example, the BookService uses the BookRepository to interact with the MongoDB database and perform operations on the Book documents.


Spring Boot with Spring Data MongoDB is an effective way to build applications that require a flexible and scalable data store. This guide introduced the integration, key benefits, and provided sample code for working with MongoDB in a Spring Boot application. As you explore this combination further, you'll discover its potential for managing data in modern, dynamic applications.