Spring Boot with Spring Data Elasticsearch is a powerful combination for building applications that leverage Elasticsearch, a high-performance, full-text search engine. This guide will explore how to integrate Spring Boot with Spring Data Elasticsearch, understand the basics of Elasticsearch, and provide sample code with explanations for its implementation.

Why Use Elasticsearch with Spring Boot?

Elasticsearch is designed for fast and scalable full-text search and analytics. It is ideal for applications that require robust searching capabilities. Integrating Spring Boot with Spring Data Elasticsearch enables you to take advantage of Elasticsearch's features, including:

  • Full-Text Search: Elasticsearch excels at indexing and searching text data, making it perfect for applications with extensive textual content.
  • Distributed and Scalable: Elasticsearch is designed for distributed environments, allowing for easy scalability as your data grows.
  • Document-Oriented: Elasticsearch stores data in JSON format as documents, making it versatile for different data types.

Getting Started with Spring Data Elasticsearch

To start using Spring Boot with Spring Data Elasticsearch, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Spring Boot project using the Spring Initializr or your preferred IDE.
  2. Add the Spring Data Elasticsearch dependency to your project's pom.xml (Maven) or build.gradle (Gradle) file:
<!-- Maven -->
// Gradle
dependencies {
implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-data-elasticsearch'
  1. Configure the Elasticsearch connection in your application's properties file:
  1. Create a model class and a repository interface for your Elasticsearch documents:
@Document(indexName = "myindex", type = "mydocument")
public class MyDocument {
private String id;
private String name;
private String description;
// Getters and setters
public interface MyDocumentRepository extends ElasticsearchRepository<MyDocument, String> {
  1. Use the repository to perform CRUD operations on your Elasticsearch data, including creating, reading, updating, and deleting documents.
public class MyDocumentService {
private final MyDocumentRepository myDocumentRepository;
public MyDocumentService(MyDocumentRepository myDocumentRepository) {
this.myDocumentRepository = myDocumentRepository;
public MyDocument saveDocument(MyDocument document) {
public MyDocument getDocument(String id) {
return myDocumentRepository.findById(id).orElse(null);
public void deleteDocument(String id) {

In this example, the MyDocumentService uses the MyDocumentRepository to interact with the Elasticsearch index and perform operations on MyDocument records.


Spring Boot with Spring Data Elasticsearch is an effective way to build applications that require advanced full-text search capabilities. This guide introduced the integration, key benefits, and provided sample code for working with Elasticsearch in a Spring Boot application. As you explore this combination further, you'll find it invaluable for building search-driven applications and analytics platforms.