Logging is a crucial aspect of application development and maintenance. It helps you track the behavior of your application, troubleshoot issues, and monitor its performance. Spring Boot provides a flexible and powerful logging system that's easy to configure and use. In this beginner's guide, we'll explore Spring Boot logging with sample code and configurations.


Before you start, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

Logging Levels

Spring Boot provides several logging levels to help you control the verbosity of log messages. These levels are, in increasing order of verbosity:

  • TRACE: Very detailed information, typically used for debugging.
  • DEBUG: Detailed information for diagnosing problems.
  • INFO: General information about the application's operation.
  • WARN: Indicates potential issues or situations that require attention.
  • ERROR: Indicates serious errors that may require immediate action.

Default Logging Configuration

Spring Boot comes with a default logging configuration that writes log messages to the console. You can see this configuration in the or application.yml file:


In this example, the root logger is set to INFO, which means that log messages with INFO and higher levels (e.g., WARN and ERROR) will be displayed on the console. Additionally, Spring Framework and application-specific packages have their logging levels configured.

Custom Logging Configuration

You can customize the logging configuration in your Spring Boot project by adding your own logback.xml or logback-spring.xml file. Here's a simple example of a custom logback.xml:

<appender name="CONSOLE" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
<pattern>%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n</pattern>
<root level="info">
<appender-ref ref="CONSOLE" />

This configuration specifies that log messages of INFO level and higher will be displayed on the console. You can adjust the <pattern> to change the format of log messages.

Logging in Code

You can log messages from your Java code using a logging framework. Spring Boot uses the SLF4J API for logging. Here's an example:

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
public class MyController {
private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MyController.class);
public String logExample() {
logger.debug("This is a debug message.");"This is an info message.");
logger.warn("This is a warning message.");
logger.error("This is an error message.");
return "Check the logs!";


Logging is a fundamental tool for understanding and maintaining your Spring Boot applications. With Spring Boot's built-in logging capabilities, you can easily configure and control log levels, create custom logging configurations, and use logging in your code. This beginner's guide provides a solid foundation for logging in Spring Boot.