Spring Boot's architecture plays a crucial role in simplifying the development of Java applications. In this tutorial, we'll dive into the fundamental aspects of Spring Boot's architecture. We'll explore its key components and how they work together to create efficient, stand-alone applications.

Key Components of Spring Boot Architecture

Spring Boot's architecture consists of several essential components:

  1. Spring Core Container: Spring Boot builds upon the Spring Framework. It leverages features like dependency injection, Inversion of Control (IoC), and AOP.
  2. Spring Boot Starter: Starters are a set of convenient dependencies that provide pre-configured templates for common application patterns, making it easier to get started.
  3. Auto-Configuration: Spring Boot's auto-configuration feature automatically configures your application based on its dependencies. You can override these configurations as needed.
  4. Embedded Web Server: Spring Boot includes embedded web servers (e.g., Tomcat, Jetty) that allow you to run your application as a standalone server without the need for external server deployment.
  5. Spring Boot Actuator: Actuator provides production-ready features such as monitoring, metrics, and health checks out of the box.
  6. External Properties Configuration: Spring Boot supports external property files (e.g., YAML, properties) to configure your application, making it easy to manage different configurations for various environments.

Sample Code: Building a Simple Spring Boot Application

Let's create a simple Spring Boot application to demonstrate the architecture. This example showcases the core components:

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
public class MySpringBootApplication {
public static void main(String[] args) {, args);
class HelloController {
public String sayHello() {
return "Hello, Spring Boot!";

In this code, we define a Spring Boot application with a REST controller that handles requests to /hello. When accessed, it returns the message "Hello, Spring Boot!".


Understanding the basics of Spring Boot's architecture is essential for building efficient and modern Java applications. Spring Boot's pre-configured components and simplified development process make it a valuable framework for developers.