Spring Boot and GraphQL is a powerful combination for building APIs that provide clients with the flexibility to request exactly the data they need. This guide will provide a quick introduction to Spring Boot's integration with GraphQL, explain the basics of GraphQL, and offer sample code with explanations for its implementation.

Why Use GraphQL with Spring Boot?

GraphQL is a query language for your API, and it provides several advantages over traditional REST APIs when integrated with Spring Boot:

  • Flexible Queries: Clients can request only the data they need, reducing over-fetching and under-fetching of data.
  • Single Endpoint: GraphQL APIs have a single endpoint for all data requests, simplifying the API structure.
  • Strongly Typed: GraphQL APIs are strongly typed, enabling introspection and automatic documentation generation.

Getting Started with Spring Boot and GraphQL

To get started with Spring Boot and GraphQL, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Spring Boot project using the Spring Initializr or your preferred IDE.
  2. Add the GraphQL Java dependency to your project's pom.xml (Maven) or build.gradle (Gradle) file:
<!-- Maven -->
// Gradle
dependencies {
implementation 'com.graphql-java-kickstart:graphql-spring-boot-starter:11.1.0'
  1. Create a GraphQL schema that defines the data types and queries supported by your API:
type Query {
hello: String
  1. Create a resolver class that maps the queries to actual data-fetching methods:
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
public class HelloResolver implements GraphQLQueryResolver {
public String hello() {
return "Hello, GraphQL!";
  1. Run your Spring Boot application, and access the GraphQL endpoint to execute queries.


Spring Boot and GraphQL is a compelling choice for building flexible and efficient APIs. This guide provided a quick introduction to the integration, explained the benefits of GraphQL, and offered sample code for implementing a basic GraphQL API in a Spring Boot application. As you explore this combination further, you'll discover its value in creating APIs that cater to client-specific data needs.