Spring Boot and WebSockets is a powerful combination for building real-time web applications that require instant communication between clients and the server. This guide will explore how to integrate Spring Boot with WebSockets, understand the basics of WebSockets, and provide sample code with explanations for its implementation.

Why Use WebSockets with Spring Boot?

WebSockets provide full-duplex communication channels over a single TCP connection, allowing real-time data exchange. Integrating Spring Boot with WebSockets offers benefits such as:

  • Real-Time Updates: WebSockets enable instant updates, making them ideal for applications like chat, live notifications, online gaming, and collaborative editing.
  • Reduced Polling: Unlike traditional HTTP, which requires periodic polling for updates, WebSockets eliminate the need for constant requests and responses.
  • Bi-Directional Communication: WebSockets support both server-to-client and client-to-server communication, enabling interactive user experiences.

Getting Started with WebSockets and Spring Boot

To start using Spring Boot with WebSockets, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Spring Boot project using the Spring Initializr or your preferred IDE.
  2. Add the Spring WebSocket dependency to your project's pom.xml (Maven) or build.gradle (Gradle) file:
<!-- Maven -->
// Gradle
dependencies {
implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-websocket'
  1. Create a WebSocket configuration class to configure the WebSocket endpoint:
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.socket.server.standard.ServerEndpointExporter;
public class WebSocketConfig { @Bean
public ServerEndpointExporter serverEndpointExporter() {
return new ServerEndpointExporter();
  1. Create a WebSocket controller to handle WebSocket events and messages:
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.web.socket.server.config.annotation.EnableWebSocket;
import javax.websocket.OnMessage;
import javax.websocket.OnOpen;
import javax.websocket.Session;
public class WebSocketController {
public void onOpen(Session session) {
// Handle connection establishment
public void onMessage(Session session, String message) throws IOException {
// Handle incoming messages and send responses
session.getBasicRemote().sendText("Received: " + message);
  1. Create a client-side WebSocket implementation in your web application to connect to the server and handle messages.


Spring Boot and WebSockets is an effective way to build real-time web applications that require instant communication. This guide introduced the integration, key benefits, and provided sample code for working with WebSockets in a Spring Boot application. As you explore this combination further, you'll find it invaluable for building applications that demand real-time interactivity.