TypeScript and GraphQL: An Introduction


GraphQL is a query language for your API, and TypeScript is a statically typed superset of JavaScript. When used together, they provide a powerful way to develop APIs and services. In this guide, we'll introduce you to the world of TypeScript and GraphQL, explain the benefits of this combination, and provide sample code to get you started.

Why TypeScript and GraphQL?

Using TypeScript with GraphQL offers several advantages:

  • Static Typing: TypeScript enforces type checking, ensuring data consistency and catching type-related errors during development.
  • Enhanced Tooling: Modern code editors provide features like autocompletion, code navigation, and refactoring support for TypeScript code, making development more efficient.
  • Improved Code Readability: Type annotations make TypeScript code more self-documenting and easier to understand, which is especially beneficial when working with complex GraphQL schemas.
  • Efficient API Development: GraphQL allows clients to request only the data they need, reducing over-fetching and under-fetching of data from the server.

Setting Up TypeScript with GraphQL

To start working with TypeScript and GraphQL, follow these steps:

1. Create a Project Folder

Create a folder for your project and open it in your code editor. You can name the folder as per your preference.

2. Initialize a Node.js Project

Open your terminal or command prompt, navigate to your project folder, and run the following command to create a package.json file for your project:

npm init -y

3. Install TypeScript and GraphQL Packages

Next, install TypeScript and GraphQL-related packages:

npm install typescript graphql express express-graphql

4. Create a TypeScript File

Create a app.ts file in your project folder and add the following TypeScript code to set up a basic GraphQL server:

// TypeScript code (app.ts)
import express from 'express';
import { graphqlHTTP } from 'express-graphql';
import { buildSchema } from 'graphql';
const app = express();
// Define a GraphQL schema
const schema = buildSchema(`
type Query {
hello: String
// Root resolver
const root = {
hello: () => 'Hello, TypeScript and GraphQL!'
app.use('/graphql', graphqlHTTP({
rootValue: root,
graphiql: true // Enable the GraphQL web interface for testing
app.listen(3000, () => {
console.log('GraphQL server is running on http://localhost:3000/graphql');

5. Compile and Run

Open your terminal, navigate to your project folder, and run the TypeScript compiler to transpile your TypeScript code to JavaScript:

tsc app.ts

After compiling, run the JavaScript file using:

node app.js

6. Test the GraphQL API

Open a web browser and navigate to http://localhost:3000/graphql to access the GraphQL web interface. You can use it to send GraphQL queries and see the responses.


Using TypeScript with GraphQL provides a type-safe and efficient way to develop APIs and services. The combination of TypeScript's type checking and GraphQL's flexibility makes it a powerful choice for building APIs that enable clients to request precisely the data they need. As you delve into TypeScript and GraphQL, you'll find it to be a valuable addition to your API development toolkit.