TypeScript for Blockchain Development


Blockchain development is a rapidly growing field, and TypeScript can be a powerful language for building blockchain applications. In this guide, we'll introduce the basics of blockchain development and provide a simple example of creating a basic blockchain structure using TypeScript.


Before you begin, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  • Node.js: You can download it from https://nodejs.org/
  • TypeScript: Install it globally with npm install -g typescript
  • Visual Studio Code (or your preferred code editor)

Getting Started with TypeScript for Blockchain Development

Let's create a basic example of a blockchain structure using TypeScript, which includes blocks and a simple proof-of-work mechanism.

Step 1: Set Up Your Project

Create a new directory for your project and navigate to it in your terminal:

mkdir blockchain-app
cd blockchain-app

Step 2: Initialize a Node.js Project

Initialize a Node.js project and answer the prompts. You can use the default settings for most prompts:

npm init

Step 3: Install Dependencies

Install the required dependencies, including TypeScript:

npm install typescript --save

Step 4: Create TypeScript Configuration

Create a TypeScript configuration file (tsconfig.json) in your project directory:

"compilerOptions": {
"target": "ES6",
"outDir": "./dist",
"rootDir": "./src"

Step 5: Create TypeScript Code

Create a TypeScript file (blockchain.ts) for your basic blockchain structure:

// src/blockchain.ts
class Block {
constructor(public index: number, public previousHash: string, public timestamp: number, public data: string, public hash: string) {}
class Blockchain {
chain: Block[] = [];
constructor() {
this.chain = [this.createGenesisBlock()];
createGenesisBlock() {
return new Block(0, '0', Date.now(), 'Genesis Block', '0000');
getLatestBlock() {
return this.chain[this.chain.length - 1];
addBlock(newBlock: Block) {
newBlock.previousHash = this.getLatestBlock().hash;
newBlock.hash = this.calculateHash(newBlock);
calculateHash(block: Block) {
const { index, previousHash, timestamp, data } = block;
return `${index}${previousHash}${timestamp}${data}`;
const myBlockchain = new Blockchain();
myBlockchain.addBlock(new Block(1, myBlockchain.getLatestBlock().hash, Date.now(), 'First Block', ''));
myBlockchain.addBlock(new Block(2, myBlockchain.getLatestBlock().hash, Date.now(), 'Second Block', ''));
console.log(JSON.stringify(myBlockchain, null, 2));

Step 6: Compile and Run Your TypeScript Code

Compile your TypeScript code using the TypeScript compiler:


Step 7: Run the Blockchain Code

Create an HTML file (index.html) to display your blockchain data:

<!-- index.html -->
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<h2>Blockchain Data</h2>
<pre><code id="blockchain-data">