Machine Learning (ML) is a fascinating field that allows computers to learn and make decisions without being explicitly programmed. Python has become one of the most popular programming languages for machine learning due to its extensive libraries and community support. In this guide, we'll provide a gentle introduction to Python machine learning and offer sample code to get you started.


Before you delve into machine learning with Python, ensure you have the following prerequisites:

  • Python installed on your system.
  • Key Python libraries for machine learning, such as NumPy, scikit-learn, and TensorFlow, installed. You can install them using pip: pip install numpy scikit-learn tensorflow
  • Basic knowledge of Python programming and mathematics concepts.

What is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning is a subfield of artificial intelligence that focuses on developing algorithms and models that enable computers to learn from and make predictions or decisions based on data. It can be broadly categorized into supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning.

Sample Machine Learning with Python

Let's start with a simple example of supervised machine learning using Python and the scikit-learn library. We'll use a basic linear regression model to predict house prices based on the number of bedrooms.

import numpy as np
from sklearn.linear_model import LinearRegression
# Sample data: number of bedrooms and corresponding house prices
X = np.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]).reshape(-1, 1)
y = np.array([150000, 200000, 250000, 300000, 350000])
# Create a linear regression model
model = LinearRegression()
# Train the model, y)
# Make a prediction
bedrooms = 6
predicted_price = model.predict(np.array([bedrooms]).reshape(-1, 1))
print(f"Predicted price for {bedrooms} bedrooms: ${predicted_price[0]:,.2f}")

In this example, we use scikit-learn to create a simple linear regression model for predicting house prices based on the number of bedrooms.

Machine Learning Libraries

Python offers a rich ecosystem of machine learning libraries, including scikit-learn, TensorFlow, Keras, and PyTorch, to support a wide range of machine learning tasks.


Python machine learning is a dynamic and evolving field with numerous applications in various domains. This gentle introduction should serve as a starting point for your machine learning journey.