Configuring Network Firewall Rules in Google Cloud

Google Cloud allows you to configure network firewall rules to control incoming and outgoing traffic to and from your virtual machine instances. In this guide, we'll explore the key concepts and use cases of network firewall rules in Google Cloud, and provide a sample Python code snippet for creating firewall rules using the Google Cloud VPC API.

Key Concepts

Before we dive into the code, let's understand some key concepts related to network firewall rules in Google Cloud:

  • Firewall Rule: A firewall rule is a set of criteria that define how traffic is allowed or denied to and from your instances. It includes rules for allowing or blocking specific IP ranges, protocols, and ports.
  • Default Rules: Google Cloud VPCs have default firewall rules that allow incoming traffic on certain ports (e.g., SSH, HTTP, HTTPS). You can customize these rules and create additional rules as needed.
  • Priority: Firewall rules have a priority value that determines the order in which they are evaluated. Rules with lower numerical priorities are evaluated first.

Sample Code: Creating Firewall Rules

Here's a sample Python code snippet for creating firewall rules in Google Cloud using the Google Cloud VPC API. To use this code, you need to have the necessary permissions:

from google.auth import compute_engine
from googleapiclient import discovery
# Authenticate with Google Cloud using the default service account
credentials = compute_engine.Credentials()
compute ='compute', 'v1', credentials=credentials)
# Define the project ID and firewall rule details
project_id = 'your-project-id'
firewall_rule_name = 'your-firewall-rule-name'
network_name = 'default'
source_range = ''
allowed_ports = ['80', '443']
# Create a firewall rule request
firewall_rule_body = {
'name': firewall_rule_name,
'network': f'global/networks/{network_name}',
'sourceRanges': [source_range],
'allowed': [
'IPProtocol': 'TCP',
'ports': allowed_ports
compute.firewalls().insert(project=project_id, body=firewall_rule_body).execute()
print(f'Firewall rule {firewall_rule_name} created in project {project_id}')

Replace `'your-project-id'`, `'your-firewall-rule-name'`, `'default'`, `''`, and `'80', '443'` with your project ID, desired firewall rule name, network name, source range, and allowed ports. This code creates a firewall rule to allow incoming traffic on ports 80 and 443.


Configuring network firewall rules in Google Cloud is crucial for securing your virtual machine instances and controlling traffic. By understanding the key concepts and using the provided code snippet, you can effectively create and manage firewall rules to meet your security requirements in Google Cloud.