Getting Started with Google Cloud IoT Core

Google Cloud IoT Core is a fully managed service that allows you to easily and securely connect, manage, and ingest data from Internet of Things (IoT) devices. In this guide, we'll cover the key concepts and steps to get started with Google Cloud IoT Core, including a sample code snippet for creating a basic IoT device and connecting it to IoT Core.

Key Concepts

Before we dive into the code, let's understand some key concepts related to Google Cloud IoT Core:

  • IoT Devices: IoT devices are physical devices or sensors that collect and transmit data. These devices can be securely connected to IoT Core for data management.
  • Device Registry: A device registry is a logical container for managing IoT devices. It allows you to group devices for easier management and access control.
  • MQTT and HTTP Protocols: IoT Core supports both MQTT and HTTP protocols for device communication, making it versatile for various IoT use cases.

Sample Code: Creating an IoT Device and Connecting to IoT Core

Here's a sample Python code snippet for creating a basic IoT device and connecting it to Google Cloud IoT Core. To use this code, you need to have a Google Cloud project and IoT Core set up:

# Import the necessary libraries
import jwt
import datetime
# Define your project and device details
project_id = 'your-project-id'
registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
device_id = 'your-device-id'
private_key_file = 'your-private-key-file.pem'
algorithm = 'RS256'
# Create a JWT token for device authentication
def create_jwt(project_id, private_key_file, algorithm):
token = {
'iat': datetime.datetime.utcnow(),
'exp': datetime.datetime.utcnow() + datetime.timedelta(minutes=60),
'aud': project_id
with open(private_key_file, 'r') as f:
private_key =
return jwt.encode(token, private_key, algorithm=algorithm)
# Create a client to connect to IoT Core
from import iot_v1
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
parent = f'projects/{project_id}/locations/global/registries/{registry_id}'
# Create the device
device = client.create_device(
device={'credentials': [{'public_key': {'format': 'RSA_X509_PEM', 'key': create_jwt(project_id, private_key_file, algorithm)}}]}
print(f'Device created: {}')

Replace `'your-project-id'`, `'your-registry-id'`, `'your-device-id'`, `'your-private-key-file.pem'`, and other placeholders with your specific project and device details. This code creates a JWT token for device authentication and uses the Google Cloud IoT Core client to create an IoT device.


Google Cloud IoT Core simplifies IoT device management and data ingestion, making it easier to build and scale IoT applications. By understanding the key concepts and using the provided code snippet, you can start securely connecting and managing your IoT devices with Google Cloud IoT Core.