Introduction to Google Cloud Pub/Sub - Event-Driven Architecture

Google Cloud Pub/Sub is a messaging service that enables event-driven architecture, allowing different parts of your application to communicate asynchronously. In this guide, we'll explore the key concepts and use cases of Google Cloud Pub/Sub and provide a sample Python code snippet for publishing and subscribing to messages using the Google Cloud Pub/Sub API.

Key Concepts

Before we dive into the code, let's understand some key concepts related to Google Cloud Pub/Sub and event-driven architecture:

  • Pub/Sub Topics: A topic is a named resource to which messages can be sent. Publishers send messages to topics, and subscribers receive messages from topics.
  • Pub/Sub Subscriptions: A subscription represents the stream of messages from a single, specific topic, to be delivered to the subscribing application.
  • Publishers and Subscribers: Publishers are responsible for sending messages to topics, and subscribers receive messages from subscriptions. They can be different parts of your application or even separate applications.

Sample Code: Publishing and Subscribing to Messages

Here's a sample Python code snippet for publishing and subscribing to messages using Google Cloud Pub/Sub. To use this code, you need to have the necessary permissions and a Google Cloud project set up:

from import pubsub_v1
# Initialize a Pub/Sub client
publisher_client = pubsub_v1.PublisherClient()
subscriber_client = pubsub_v1.SubscriberClient()
# Define the topic and subscription names
project_id = 'your-project-id'
topic_name = 'your-topic-name'
subscription_name = 'your-subscription-name'
# Create a topic
topic_path = publisher_client.topic_path(project_id, topic_name)
topic = publisher_client.create_topic(request={"name": topic_path})
# Create a subscription
subscription_path = subscriber_client.subscription_path(project_id, subscription_name)
subscription = subscriber_client.create_subscription(request={"name": subscription_path, "topic": topic_path})
# Publish a message
message = b'This is a sample message.'
future = publisher_client.publish(topic_path, message)
print(f"Published message ID: {future.result()}")
# Subscribe to messages
def callback(message):
print(f"Received message: {}")
subscriber_client.subscribe(subscription_path, callback=callback)
# Keep the script running to receive messages
while True:

Replace `'your-project-id'`, `'your-topic-name'`, and `'your-subscription-name'` with your project ID, desired topic name, and subscription name. This code creates a topic, a subscription, publishes a message, and subscribes to messages.


Google Cloud Pub/Sub is a powerful tool for building event-driven and scalable applications. By understanding the key concepts and using the provided code snippet, you can effectively implement event-driven architecture and enable asynchronous communication within your applications using Google Cloud Pub/Sub.