Introduction to Google Cloud Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)

Google Cloud Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) is a networking service that allows you to create isolated and secure network environments for your Google Cloud resources. In this guide, we'll explore the key concepts and use cases of Google Cloud VPC, and provide a sample Python code snippet for creating a VPC network using the Google Cloud VPC API.

Key Concepts

Before we dive into the code, let's understand some key concepts related to Google Cloud VPC:

  • VPC Network: A VPC network is a virtual network that you create in Google Cloud. It provides an isolated and private space for your resources, allowing you to control communication and access between instances.
  • Subnetworks: Subnetworks are smaller IP address ranges within a VPC network. You can create multiple subnetworks to segment your network and control routing and firewall rules for each subnetwork.
  • Firewall Rules: Firewall rules are used to control incoming and outgoing traffic to and from instances within your VPC network.

Sample Code: Creating a VPC Network

Here's a sample Python code snippet for creating a VPC network in Google Cloud using the Google Cloud VPC API. To use this code, you need to have the necessary permissions:

from google.auth import compute_engine
from googleapiclient import discovery
# Authenticate with Google Cloud using the default service account
credentials = compute_engine.Credentials()
compute ='compute', 'v1', credentials=credentials)
# Define the project ID and VPC network name
project_id = 'your-project-id'
network_name = 'your-vpc-network-name'
# Create a VPC network request
network_body = {
'name': network_name,
compute.networks().insert(project=project_id, body=network_body).execute()
print(f'VPC network {network_name} created in project {project_id}')

Replace `'your-project-id'` and `'your-vpc-network-name'` with your project ID and desired VPC network name. This code creates a VPC network in Google Cloud.


Google Cloud VPC provides the foundation for creating secure and isolated network environments for your cloud resources. By understanding the key concepts and using the provided code snippet, you can effectively create and manage VPC networks to meet your networking needs in Google Cloud.